Recommendations for writing research work: format.
Research, like all creativity, is possible and effective only on a voluntary basis. Study studies can be developed outside the lessons and regular study work as additional, extracurricular, extracurricular work.
The format of the research work is standard, and one cannot deviate from the standards. In the development, which begins the study, there are two main parts: methodological and procedural. First, you need to highlight what needs to be studied – the problem. The problem must be feasible, its solution should bring real benefits to the participants of the study. Then it should be called – the topic.
The theme should be original, it requires an element of surprise, unusual, it should be such that the work can be performed relatively quickly. It is necessary to decide why this problem should be studied at the present time – this is relevant.
In research, the goal should be formulated – what result is supposed to be obtained, which, in general terms, this result is seen even before its receipt. Usually, the goal is to study certain phenomena. In the study, it is important to identify the hypothesis and the protected position.
Protected positions are what the researcher sees and others do not notice. The position in the process of work is either confirmed or rejected. The hypothesis must be justified, that is, supported by literary data and logical considerations.
After determining the goals and hypotheses formulated research tasks. Tasks and goals are not the same. The purpose of the research is one, and there are several tasks. Tasks show what you are going to do. The formulation of the tasks is closely related to the structure of the study. Moreover, individual tasks can be set for the theoretical part and for the experimental part.
The work should include a literature review, i.e., a brief description of what is known about the phenomenon being studied, in what direction the studies of other authors are taking place. In the review, you should show that you are familiar with the field of research from several sources, that you are setting a new task, and you are not doing what you have done for a long time.
Then describes the methodology of the study. Her detailed description should be present in the text of the work. This is a description of what and how the author did the research to prove the validity of the hypothesis put forward.
And the work ends with conclusions. In which theses, in order of the tasks, set out the results of the study. Conclusions are brief answers to the question of how the research tasks are solved.
The goal can be achieved even if the initial hypothesis is untenable.
APA links style in writing an essay
The APA style was created in 1929 by the American Psychological Association, with the aim of creating simple and clear rules for the design of scientific publications. (What is APA Style, 2017). To date, the use of the 6th version of the ARA which is the same for all educational institutions.
The APA link design rules in writing essays are based on the author-year system, i.e. inside the text the author’s name and the date of creation of the source are indicated: (Rogalevitš, 2017).
The link should be indicated for each paragraph or sentence that is not written by the author of the work or in the wording of which other people’s thoughts and ideas were used. For a paragraph, a link is added after the full stop, for a sentence, at the end of the sentence to a full stop or in the middle, depending on the wording of the text (Ainsaar, 2016), for example:
According to scientists, appraisers are not interested in the quality of the content – they are more focused on indicators (Uustalu, 2013).
Uustalu (2013) writes that according to scientists …
In 2013, Uustalu wrote that ….
In the case of a quote, you must specify the page number from which the quote is taken. The number is indicated after the year and is separated by a colon:
Uustalu (2013: 15) writes that “….”.
If numbered links are used, then it is easier to refer inside the text: In 2013, Uustalu wrote that … . Or along with the page number: In 2013, Uustalu wrote that … [1,15].
NB! There is no difference from where the quote is taken, from paper sources or from the Internet – it is necessary to refer in any case! If a web page was used, then the author and year should also be indicated (date of update or viewing).
If the author is not specified in the source, then it is necessary to refer to the name and year. The source must be well studied; the author can indicate the organization or the owner of the web page.